Narrative Therapy: What Is It and What Conditions Does It Treat?

Narrative Therapy What Is It and What Conditions Does It Treat

Last Updated on January 18, 2024

In basic terms, narrative therapy should be viewed as a respectful and non-blaming approach to counseling and community work. It centers on the belief that our identities are shaped by the narratives or stories we carry about ourselves and our lives.

If you visit a treatment center for mental health disorders you may well be offered narrative therapy. The idea is to create a way where you are separated from your problems, allowing you to externalize issues and view them with greater objectivity.

Here is a closer look at what narrative therapy is and how it could be used to help treat certain conditions.

What’s behind the idea of narrative therapy?

At the core of narrative therapy is the idea that our life experiences are organized and given meaning through stories. These narratives, influenced by societal, cultural, and interpersonal factors, shape our perceptions. This affects how we see ourselves and our abilities to cope with life’s challenges.

Narrative therapy helps you to identify the values, skills, and knowledge you possess to effectively confront these problems and foster empowerment and agency.

This therapeutic approach is distinctive in its technique of viewing each individual as the expert in their own life. Therapists act as facilitators who listen, engage, and help you re-author your story in a way that aligns more closely with your preferred identity and values.

This goal is achieved through a process of exploring and identifying stories, which feature negative and incomplete narratives about your life. By making these changes you develop the story into something more empowering, richer, and more nuanced.

Narrative therapy is particularly effective in treating a wide range of conditions, given its focus on collaboration and empowerment. Here are some conditions where narrative therapy could prove useful.

Mental Health Issues

Narrative therapy has been shown to be effective in treating depression, anxiety, and PTSD. By externalizing problems, patients are able to view their issues as separate from their identities, reducing self-blame and stigma.


If you have experienced trauma, narrative therapy can help in reconstructing and making sense of traumatic events. This enables you to reclaim your story and identity.

Grief and Loss

Narrative therapy allows for the exploration and re-telling of the story of loss, helping you to process grief and find new meaning in your experiences.


By separating you from the problem, narrative therapy promotes rewriting your story in a way that diminishes the power of addiction in your narrative.

Eating Disorders

This therapy helps by creating an understanding of the underlying stories behind disordered eating patterns and developing narratives that promote healthier relationships with food and body image.

A key point to consider is how adaptable to different circumstances narrative therapy can be. Its collaborative nature respects your perspective and fosters a sense of ownership in the therapeutic process.

As a therapy that believes in re-authoring your life, it provides a powerful framework for anyone seeking to redefine their stories and live in a way that is more aligned with their desired self-image and values.

Could narrative therapy help you to find a way to manage life’s challenges better?

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